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Villanañe

Villanañe

Villañane is located close to the confluence of the Omecillo and Tumecillo rivers which along their course irrigate the whole of Valdegovía. Its fortunate position allows it to look out over the fertile lowland before it from its mean height of 551 metres above sea level .

It is perhaps the most interesting place in Valdegovía from a historical point of view, largely thanks to its possessing the well-known historical-artistic Tower-Mansion house of the Varona family .

Villanañe lies at the meeting point of the vital routes that pass through its surrounding area and which form part of a communications network that existed in Roman times. Here people and goods followed the course of the Omecillo and Tumecillo to Osma and Berberana, and continued on past the perils of the Orduña hills to the course of the Nervión river and thence to the sea.

On the slopes of the Medropio mountain, into which the upper part of the village reclines, there was once an end of Bronze Age/Iron Age settlement which continued on through the Roman era and was densely populated during the early Middle Ages.

The Infanzona (lowest rank of nobility) Tower-House belonging to the Varonas has its origins in the Varona who took the battling king Alfonso I prisoner in the struggle against Alfonso VI, king of Castilla-León.

Calendar of Fiestas

Architectural heritage

•Parish church

The quadrangular tower of the parish church is to some extent spiked with fine lines. The church is dedicated to Santa María, and is rectangular with a polygonal head wall. Built in the middle of the XVI century, its doorway is Renaissance in style, while the belfry is topped by a pyramid-shaped body covered in zinc sheeting.

• Hermitage

• Coats of Arms

• Sanctuary of Nuestra Señora de Angosto

The religious complex at Angosto consists of a series of modern buildings that accompany the parish churchl.

The area around Angosto is a fine natural park that is much visited, not only by people from the valley, but also those living much further afield. The church is a beautiful, restored building that reveals its early Gothic construction.

• Cavern

In an attractive spot close to the river is Shepherd Hernando Martín’s cavern in which, according to tradition, a likeness of the Virgin was found in 1089.

• Medieval Bridge

To the south of the complex at Angosto, before the rivers meet, there stands a fine stone bridge crossing the bed of the river Tumecillo. As mentioned earlier, this river meanders along the narrow natural pass which coincides with the age-old route that followed the river up from Villañane to Caranca and Astulez. Here it forks into two, one branch going towards Osma and Berberana, and the other taking in Mioma, Pinedo, Basabe, Acebedo, Valluerca and Quintanilla.

The bridge is of stone masonry, except the stonework on the span arches, with a double ramp of different length, reaching half the larger archway which is slightly pointed, the lesser Roman arch serving as an overflow.

• Mills

• Picota (‘head-spike’)

The picota at Villañane has a double round pedestal on which the pillar stands. This is a cylindrical stone column with a stone cube at its base. The top is finished off in semi-circular section crowned by a single piece, a first cylindrical body from which four short arms project from the bottom zone, and a second tronco-conical body.

• Venta del Monte ( former wayside inn)

• Cross with five heights

The cross stands at the crossroads in the village. There are five stepped heights to the hexagonal base, which becomes smaller as the height increases.

• Wash-house

The completely abandoned wash-house is close to the church.

Social and Cultural facilities

Sports Facilities Services
NONE Campsite
Picnic areas
Bars
Social Centre

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